• Home
  • Search Results
  • Metabolism and excretion of (S)-6-(3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-trifluoromethyl)-1H-imidazol-1-yl)propanamido)nicotinic acid (PF-04991532), a hepatoselective glucokinase activator, in humans: confirmation of the MIST potential noted in first-in-Human metabolite scouting studies.

Metabolism and excretion of (S)-6-(3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-trifluoromethyl)-1H-imidazol-1-yl)propanamido)nicotinic acid (PF-04991532), a hepatoselective glucokinase activator, in humans: confirmation of the MIST potential noted in first-in-Human metabolite scouting studies.

Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems (2019-02-13)
Raman Sharma, Arthur Bergman, John Litchfield, Karen Atkinson, David J Kazierad, Amit S Kalgutkar
ABSTRACT

1. The absorption, metabolism, and excretion of a single oral 450-mg dose of [14C]-(S)-6-(3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-trifluoromethyl)-1H-imidazol-1-yl)propanamido)nicotinic acid (PF-04991532), a hepatoselective glucokinase activator, was investigated in humans. Mass balance was achieved with ∼94.6% of the administered dose recovered in urine and feces. The total administered radioactivity excreted in feces and urine was 70.6% and 24.1%, respectively. Unchanged PF-04991532 collectively accounted for ∼47.2% of the dose excreted in feces and urine, suggestive of moderate metabolic elimination in humans. 2. The biotransformation pathways involved acyl glucuronidation (M1), amide bond hydrolysis (M3), and CYP3A4-mediated oxidative metabolism on the cyclopentyl ring in PF-04991532 yielding monohydroxylated isomers (M2a-d). Unchanged PF-04991532 was the major circulating component (64.4% of total radioactivity) whereas M2a-d collectively represented 28.9% of the total plasma radioactivity. 3. Metabolites M2a-d were not detected systemically in rats and dogs, the preclinical species for the toxicological evaluation of PF-04991532. In contrast, cynomologus monkeys dosed orally with unlabeled PF-04991532 revealed M2a-d in circulation, whose UV abundance was comparable to the profile in humans. This observation suggested that monkeys could potentially serve as a non-rodent alternative for studying the toxicity of PF-04991532 and its metabolites M2a-d. 4. The present results are in excellent agreement with our previously generated metabolite scouting data, which provided preliminary evidence for the disproportionate metabolism of PF-04991532 in humans.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
6-Aminopyridine-3-carboxylic acid, 97%

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.