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Lysophosphatidic acid promotes survival of T lymphoma cells by altering apoptosis and glucose metabolism.

Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death (2019-12-24)
Vishal Kumar Gupta, Pradip Kumar Jaiswara, Pratishtha Sonker, Shiv Govind Rawat, Rajan Kumar Tiwari, Ajay Kumar
ABSTRACT

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lipid, which plays an indispensable role in various physiological and pathological processes. Moreover, an elevated level of LPA has been observed in malignancies of different origins and implicated in their progression via modulation of proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and metastasis. Interestingly, few recent reports suggest a pivotal role of LPA-modulated metabolism in oncogenesis of ovarian cancer. However, little is understood regarding the role of LPA in the development and progression of T cell malignancies, which are considered as one of the most challenging neoplasms for clinical management. Additionally, mechanisms underlying the LPA-dependent modulation of glucose metabolism in T cell lymphoma are also not known. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to explore the role of LPA-altered apoptosis and glucose metabolism on the survival of T lymphoma cells. Observations of this investigation suggest that LPA supports survival of T lymphoma cells via altering apoptosis and glucose metabolism through changing the level of reactive species, namely nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species along with expression of various survival and glucose metabolism regulatory molecules, including hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha, p53, Bcl2, and glucose transporter 3, hexokinase II, pyruvate kinase muscle isozyme 2, monocarboxylate transporter 1, pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1. Taken together' the results of the present investigation decipher the novel mechanisms of LPA-mediated survival of T lymphoma cells via modulation of apoptosis and glucose metabolism.