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Dedicator of cytokinesis 8 interacts with talin and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein to regulate NK cell cytotoxicity.

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) (2013-03-05)
Hyoungjun Ham, Sabrice Guerrier, JungJin Kim, Renee A Schoon, Erik L Anderson, Michael J Hamann, Zhenkun Lou, Daniel D Billadeau
ABSTRACT

Recently, patients with mutations in DOCK8 have been reported to have a combined immunodeficiency characterized by cutaneous viral infections and allergies. NK cells represent a first-line defense against viral infections, suggesting that DOCK8 might participate in NK cell function. In this study, we demonstrate that DOCK8-suppressed human NK cells showed defects in natural cytotoxicity as well as specific activating receptor-mediated NK cytotoxicity. Additionally, compared with control NK cells, NK cells depleted of DOCK8 showed defective conjugate formation, along with decreased polarization of LFA-1, F-actin, and cytolytic granules toward the cytotoxic synapse. Using a proteomic approach, we found that DOCK8 exists in a macromolecular complex with the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein, an actin nucleation-promoting factor activated by CDC42, as well as talin, which is required for integrin-mediated adhesion. Taken together, our results demonstrate an important role for DOCK8 in NK cell effector function and provide important new mechanistic insight into how DOCK8 regulates F-actin and integrin-mediated adhesion in immune cells.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

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Monoclonal ANTI-FLAG® M2 antibody produced in mouse, clone M2, purified immunoglobulin (Purified IgG1 subclass), buffered aqueous solution (10 mM sodium phosphate, 150 mM NaCl, pH 7.4, containing 0.02% sodium azide)
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GeneJuice® Transfection Reagent, Non-lipid based chemical transfection reagent optimized for maximum transfection efficiency, ease-of-use, and minimal cytotoxicity on a wide variety of mammallian cells.
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Monoclonal Anti-Talin antibody produced in mouse, clone 8d4, ascites fluid