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Matrices (re)loaded: Durability, viability, and fermentative capacity of yeast encapsulated in beads of different composition during long-term fed-batch culture.

Biotechnology progress (2019-10-07)
Jordan Gulli, Peter Yunker, Frank Rosenzweig
ABSTRACT

Encapsulated microbes have been used for decades to produce commodities ranging from methyl ketone to beer. Encapsulated cells undergo limited replication, which enables them to more efficiently convert substrate to product than planktonic cells and which contributes to their stress resistance. To determine how encapsulated yeast supports long-term, repeated fed-batch ethanologenic fermentation, and whether different matrices influence that process, fermentation and indicators of matrix durability and cell viability were monitored in high-dextrose, fed-batch culture over 7 weeks. At most timepoints, ethanol yield (g/g) in encapsulated cultures exceeded that in planktonic cultures. And frequently, ethanol yield differed among the four matrices tested: sodium alginate crosslinked with Ca2+ and chitosan, sodium alginate crosslinked with Ca2+ , Protanal alginate crosslinked with Ca2+ and chitosan, Protanal alginate crosslinked with Ca2+ , with the last of these consistently demonstrating the highest values. Young's modulus and viscosity were higher for matrices crosslinked with chitosan over the first week; thereafter values for both parameters declined and were indistinguishable among treatments. Encapsulated cells exhibited greater heat shock tolerance at 50°C than planktonic cells in either stationary or exponential phase, with similar thermotolerance observed across all four matrix types. Altogether, these data demonstrate the feasibility of re-using encapsulated yeast to convert dextrose to ethanol over at least 7 weeks.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Alginic acid sodium salt, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Chitosan, low molecular weight
Sigma-Aldrich
Alginic acid sodium salt from brown algae, low viscosity