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Applying metabolomics to detect growth hormone administration in athletes: Proof of concept.

Drug testing and analysis (2020-04-05)
Luca Narduzzi, Gaud Dervilly, Alexandre Marchand, Michel Audran, Bruno Le Bizec, Corinne Buisson
ABSTRACT

Growth hormone (GH), an endogenous peptide regulating anabolism and lipolysis in humans, is known to be abused by athletes to improve their performance. Despite the development of two distinct screening methods, few positive cases have been reported by the antidoping authorities, probably due to the quick turnover of GH and the masking effects of age, ethnicity, and sex. Apart from growth regulation, GH is known to affect several metabolic pathways in humans including ketosis, amino-acid uptake, and protein breakdown. It is reasonable to imagine observing its markers of effects through the leading tool on metabolism study, metabolomics. In this proof-of-concept study, a cohort of well-trained volunteers was split in two equal groups and administered with micro-doses of EPO or EPO + GH every second day for 2 weeks. Urine and plasma samples were collected before, during, and after treatment and analyzed using metabolomics and lipidomics approaches. The results show that, by applying a direct discriminant analysis on the treated groups, it is possible to distinguish the treatments, and to use this difference to classify them correctly. High intragroup variability is observed, due to the subject-specific effect of the hormones. Through time 0 centering the data, a longitudinally tracking of the group was performed and a higher difference was observed between the groups, including a perfect classification of the samples before and after the treatments.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
ProteoMass LTQ/FT-Hybrid ESI Neg. Mode Cal Mix
Sigma-Aldrich
EPO human, recombinant, expressed in HEK 293 cells, ≥95% (SDS-PAGE)