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  • Lost miR-141 and upregulated TM4SF1 expressions associate with poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer: regulation of EMT and angiogenesis by miR-141 and TM4SF1 via AKT.

Lost miR-141 and upregulated TM4SF1 expressions associate with poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer: regulation of EMT and angiogenesis by miR-141 and TM4SF1 via AKT.

Cancer biology & therapy (2020-01-08)
Dong Xu, Fei Yang, Kangjian Wu, Xinxing Xu, Kai Zeng, Yong An, Fubao Xu, Jiang Xun, Xiang Lv, Xiaohui Zhang, Xiaojun Yang, Lijian Xu
ABSTRACT

Background: Transmembrane-4-L-six-family-1 (TM4SF1) functions to regulate cell growth and mobility and TM4SF1 expression was upregulated in pancreatic cancer. This study further investigated the role of TM4SF1 in regulating pancreatic cancer epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and angiogenesis and the underlying molecular events.Methods: Tissue specimens were collected from 90 pancreatic cancer patients for immunohistochemical and qRT-PCR analysis of miR-141 and TM4SF1 levels, respectively. Pancreatic cancer cell lines were used for in vitro assays, while nude mice were used for the in vivo assay.Results: TM4SF1 expression was upregulated, whereas miR-141 expression was lost in pancreatic cancer tissues, both of which was associated with advanced clinicopathological features and poor survival of pancreatic cancer patients. Furthermore, miR-141 was able to target and reduce TM4SF1 expression in pancreatic cancer cells and miR-141 expression inhibited pancreatic cancer cell EMT in vitro and Matrigel plug angiogenesis and lung metastasis in nude mice. At the gene level, miR-141 directly targeted and reduced TM4SF1 expression and in turn induced E-cadherin expression and reduced VEGF-A expression by suppressing activation of the AKT signaling pathway.Conclusions: This study demonstrated that upregulated TM4SF1 and lost miR-141 expression were associated with advanced clinicopathological features and poor survival of pancreatic cancer patients. Lost miR-141 expression but induced TM4SF1 expression altered expression of VEGF-A and E-cadherin and promoted pancreatic cancer cell EMT and angiogenesis via the AKT signaling pathway, suggesting that targeting of miR-141 and TM4SF1 may be a potential therapeutic strategy to control pancreatic cancer.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Drabkin′s reagent, for the determination of hemoglobin
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-TM4SF1 antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody
Sigma-Aldrich
MISSION® esiRNA, targeting human TM4SF1