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Organic carbon nature determines the capacity of organic amendments to adsorb pesticides in soil.

Journal of hazardous materials (2020-02-01)
Carlos García-Delgado, Jesús M Marín-Benito, María J Sánchez-Martín, M Sonia Rodríguez-Cruz
ABSTRACT

The spread of organic pollutants from soil to other environments is one important source of environmental pollution. The addition of organic amendments to soil is an interesting strategy to control pollutants leaching. However, the contribution of different carbon types of organic amendments to organic pollutants adsorption is not clear. Hence, the objective of this work was to determine the role of carbon types of organic amendments into the adsorption of four herbicides. To this extent, organic amendments were characterized by elemental analysis and 13C-NMR and adsorption-desorption isotherms of herbicides by the organic amendments and two soils amended with them were obtained. Adsorption coefficients were correlated with the organic carbon content of the organic amendments and the adsorption process was enhanced by the hydrophobicity of herbicides and the aliphatic and aromatic carbon of amendments. Organic amendments increased the adsorption of herbicides by soils but it is not possible to extrapolate results from one soil to another because organo-mineral interactions between soils and organic amendments can modify this process. Desorption isotherms of herbicides from organic amendments and/or amended soils presented hysteresis indicating the irreversible adsorption of herbicides. Desorption results indicated, the abundance of O-alkyl and N-alkyl groups in organic amendments enhanced the hysteresis in amended soils.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Flufenacet, PESTANAL®, analytical standard
Supelco
Prosulfocarb, PESTANAL®, analytical standard