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Targeting Actomyosin Contractility Suppresses Malignant Phenotypes of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells.

International journal of molecular sciences (2020-05-20)
Fengjiao Chang, So Jung Kong, Lele Wang, Beom K Choi, Hyewon Lee, Chan Kim, Jin Man Kim, Kyungpyo Park
ABSTRACT

Actomyosin-mediated contractility is required for the majority of force-driven cellular events such as cell division, adhesion, and migration. Under pathological conditions, the role of actomyosin contractility in malignant phenotypes of various solid tumors has been extensively discussed, but the pathophysiological relevance in hematopoietic malignancies has yet to be elucidated. In this study, we found enhanced actomyosin contractility in diverse acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines represented by highly expressed non-muscle myosin heavy chain A (NMIIA) and increased phosphorylation of the myosin regulatory light chain. Genetic and pharmacological inhibition of actomyosin contractility induced multivalent malignancy- suppressive effects in AML cells. In this context, perturbed actomyosin contractility enhances AML cell apoptosis through cytokinesis failure and aryl hydrocarbon receptor activation. Moreover, leukemic oncogenes were downregulated by the YAP/TAZ-mediated mechanotransduction pathway. Our results provide a theoretical background for targeting actomyosin contractility to suppress the malignancy of AML cells.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

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