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Glial Endozepines Reverse High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity by Enhancing Hypothalamic Response to Peripheral Leptin.

Molecular neurobiology (2020-06-11)
Florent Guillebaud, Manon Duquenne, Mehdi Djelloul, Clément Pierre, Kevin Poirot, Guenièvre Roussel, Seddik Riad, Damien Lanfray, Fabrice Morin, André Jean, Marie-Christine Tonon, Stéphanie Gaigé, Bruno Lebrun, Michel Dallaporta, Jérôme Leprince, Vincent Prevot, Jean-Denis Troadec
ABSTRACT

Research on energy homeostasis has focused on neuronal signaling; however, the role of glial cells has remained little explored. Glial endozepines exert anorexigenic actions by mechanisms which remain poorly understood. In this context, the present study was designed to decipher the mechanisms underlying the anorexigenic action of endozepines and to investigate their potential curative effect on high-fat diet-induced obesity. We carried out a combination of physiological, pharmacological, and molecular analyses together to dissect the underlying mechanisms of endozepine-induced hypophagia. To evaluate the potential anti-obesity effect of endozepines, different model of obesity were used, i.e., ob/ob and diet-induced obese mice. We show that the intracerebral administration of endozepines enhances satiety by targeting anorexigenic brain circuitry and induces STAT3 phosphorylation, a hallmark of leptin signaling. Strikingly, endozepines are entirely ineffective at reducing food intake in the presence of a circulating leptin antagonist and in leptin-deficient mice (ob/ob) but potentiate the reduced food intake and weight loss induced by exogenous leptin administration in these animals. Endozepines reversed high fat diet-induced obesity by reducing food intake and restored leptin-induced STAT3 phosphorylation in the hypothalamus. Interestingly, we observed that glucose and insulin synergistically enhance tanycytic endozepine expression and release. Finally, endozepines, which induce ERK activation necessary for leptin transport into the brain in cultured tanycytes, require tanycytic leptin receptor expression to promote STAT3 phosphorylation in the hypothalamus. Our data identify endozepines as potential anti-obesity compounds in part through the modulation of the LepR-ERK-dependent tanycytic leptin shuttle.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

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