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The CCR4-NOT complex maintains liver homeostasis through mRNA deadenylation.

Life science alliance (2020-04-03)
Akinori Takahashi, Toru Suzuki, Shou Soeda, Shohei Takaoka, Shungo Kobori, Tomokazu Yamaguchi, Haytham Mohamed Aly Mohamed, Akiko Yanagiya, Takaya Abe, Mayo Shigeta, Yasuhide Furuta, Keiji Kuba, Tadashi Yamamoto

The biological significance of deadenylation in global gene expression is not fully understood. Here, we show that the CCR4-NOT deadenylase complex maintains expression of mRNAs, such as those encoding transcription factors, cell cycle regulators, DNA damage response-related proteins, and metabolic enzymes, at appropriate levels in the liver. Liver-specific disruption of Cnot1, encoding a scaffold subunit of the CCR4-NOT complex, leads to increased levels of mRNAs for transcription factors, cell cycle regulators, and DNA damage response-related proteins because of reduced deadenylation and stabilization of these mRNAs. CNOT1 suppression also results in an increase of immature, unspliced mRNAs (pre-mRNAs) for apoptosis-related and inflammation-related genes and promotes RNA polymerase II loading on their promoter regions. In contrast, mRNAs encoding metabolic enzymes become less abundant, concomitant with decreased levels of these pre-mRNAs. Lethal hepatitis develops concomitantly with abnormal mRNA expression. Mechanistically, the CCR4-NOT complex targets and destabilizes mRNAs mainly through its association with Argonaute 2 (AGO2) and butyrate response factor 1 (BRF1) in the liver. Therefore, the CCR4-NOT complex contributes to liver homeostasis by modulating the liver transcriptome through mRNA deadenylation.

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Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, lyophilized powder, ≥125 CDU/mg solid (CDU = collagen digestion units), 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid
Anti-POLR2F antibody produced in rabbit, Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous glycerol solution