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Production of functional eggs and sperm from in vitro-expanded type A spermatogonia in rainbow trout.

Communications biology (2020-06-17)
Yoshiko Iwasaki-Takahashi, Shinya Shikina, Masaya Watanabe, Akira Banba, Masaru Yagisawa, Kasumi Takahashi, Ryo Fujihara, Takafumi Okabe, Delgado M Valdez, Akihiro Yamauchi, Goro Yoshizaki
ABSTRACT

Combining cryopreservation of germline stem cells (GSCs) with their subsequent transplantation into recipient fish is a powerful tool for long-term preservation of genetic resources of endangered fishes. However, application of this technique has been limited because endangered species sometimes have small gonads and do not supply enough GSCs to be used for transplantation. This limitation could be overcome by expanding GSCs in vitro, though this has been difficult due to the complexity of reconstructing the gonadal microenvironment that surrounds GSCs. Here, we describe a novel method of in vitro expansion of rainbow trout GSCs using a feeder layer derived from Sertoli cells and a culture medium containing trout plasma. A transplantation assay demonstrated that the in vitro-expanded GSCs exhibited stem cell activity and potency to produce functional eggs, sperm, and eventually healthy offspring. In vitro expansion of GSCs can aid in rescuing fishes that are on the verge of extinction.

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11-Ketotestosterone