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Deciphering the Role of Colicins during Colonization of the Mammalian Gut by Commensal E. coli.

Microorganisms (2020-05-07)
Amanda N Samuels, Manuela Roggiani, Kathryn A Smith, Jun Zhu, Mark Goulian, Rahul M Kohli
ABSTRACT

Colicins are specific and potent toxins produced by Enterobacteriaceae that result in the rapid elimination of sensitive cells. Colicin production is commonly found throughout microbial populations, suggesting its potential importance for bacterial survival in complex microbial environments. Nonetheless, as colicin biology has been predominately studied using synthetic models, it remains unclear how colicin production contributes to survival and fitness of a colicin-producing commensal strain in a natural environment. To address this gap, we took advantage of MP1, an E. coli strain that harbors a colicinogenic plasmid and is a natural colonizer of the murine gut. Using this model, we validated that MP1 is competent for colicin production and then directly interrogated the importance of colicin production and immunity for MP1 survival in the murine gut. We showed that colicin production is dispensable for sustained colonization in the unperturbed gut. A strain lacking colicin production or immunity shows minimal fitness defects and can resist displacement by colicin producers. This report extends our understanding of the role that colicin production may play for E. coli during gut colonization and suggests that colicin production is not essential for a commensal to persist in its physiologic niche in the absence of exogenous challenges.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Mineral oil, BioReagent, for molecular biology, light oil
Sigma-Aldrich
Streptomycin sulfate salt, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
M9, Minimal Salts, 5X, powder, minimal microbial growth medium
Sigma-Aldrich
MOPS, BioPerformance Certified, suitable for cell culture, ≥99.5% (titration)