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Isolation and propagation of leptospires at 37 °C directly from the mammalian host.

Scientific reports (2020-06-17)
Richard L Hornsby, David P Alt, Jarlath E Nally
ABSTRACT

The causative agent of leptospirosis includes multiple serovars and species of pathogenic leptospires that are excreted via urine from reservoir hosts of infection. Primary isolation takes weeks to months, and is limited to semi-solid media at 28-30 °C. Here we present an alternative media formulation, HAN, compared to commercially available EMJH and the more specialized T80/40/LH media formulations, in semi-solid and liquid compositions, for the primary isolation of two diverse species and serovars of pathogenic leptospires directly from host kidney tissue. All three media types supported the isolation and propagation of L. interrogans serovar Copenhageni strain IC:20:001 in semi-solid media at 29 °C. However, only HAN and T80/40/LH supported the growth of L. borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo strain HB15B203 at 29 °C. In addition, HAN supported primary isolation at 37 °C. Both T80/40/LH and HAN supported primary isolation of strain IC:20:001 in liquid media at 29 °C but only HAN supported growth of strain HB15B203 in liquid media, at both 29 and 37 °C. HAN media supports the primary isolation of fastidious pathogenic leptospires directly from infected host tissue at either 29 or 37 °C: this formulation represents a more defined media for the continued optimization of growth factors required to support the primary isolation of the large and diverse range of species and serovars within the genus Leptospira circulating within domestic and wild animal populations.

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