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Non-Caloric Artificial Sweeteners Modulate the Expression of Key Metabolic Genes in the Omnipresent Gut Microbe Escherichia coli.

Journal of molecular microbiology and biotechnology (2019-12-19)
Rizwan Mahmud, Saadlee Shehreen, Shayan Shahriar, Md Siddiqur Rahman, Sharif Akhteruzzaman, Abu Ashfaqur Sajib
ABSTRACT

The human gut is inhabited by several hundred different bacterial species. These bacteria are closely associated with our health and well-being. The composition of these diverse commensals is influenced by our dietary intakes. Non-caloric artificial sweeteners (NAS) have gained global popularity, particularly among diabetic patients, due to their perceived health benefits, such as reduction of body weight and maintenance of blood glucose level compared to caloric sugars. Recent studies have reported that these artificial sweeteners can alter the composition of gut microbiota and, thus, affect our normal physiological state. Here, we investigated the effect of aspartame and acesulfame potassium (ace-K), two popular NAS, in a commercial formulation on the growth and metabolic pathways of omnipresent gut commensal Escherichia coliby analyzing the relative expression levels of the key genes, which control over twenty important metabolic pathways. Treatment with NAS preparation (aspartame and ace-K) modulates the growth of E. colias well as inducing the expression of important metabolic genes associated with glucose (pfkA, sucA, aceE, pfkB, lpdA), nucleotide (tmk, adk, tdk, thyA), and fatty acid (fabI) metabolisms, among others. Several of the affected geneswere previously reported to be important for the colonization of the microbes in the gut. These findings may shed light on the mechanism of alteration of gut microbes and their metabolism by NAS.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Chelex® 100 sodium form, 50-100 mesh (dry)