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  • Loss of Rictor in tubular cells exaggerates lipopolysaccharide induced renal inflammation and acute kidney injury via Yap/Taz-NF-κB axis.

Loss of Rictor in tubular cells exaggerates lipopolysaccharide induced renal inflammation and acute kidney injury via Yap/Taz-NF-κB axis.

Cell death discovery (2020-06-13)
Yuan Gui, Qing Hou, Qingmiao Lu, Chunsun Dai, Jianzhong Li
ABSTRACT

Our previous study demonstrated that the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2) signaling alleviates renal inflammation and protects against cisplatin-induced AKI. However, the underlying mechanisms for mTORC2 in regulating renal inflammation in AKI remain to be determined. In this study, we found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) could activate mTORC2 signaling in NRK-52E cells, and blockage of mTORC2 signaling led to Yap/Taz degradation, which in turn activated NF-κB signaling and induced inflammatory cytokines secretion. Overexpression of constitutively active Taz (Taz-S89A) could attenuate the inflammation-amplified role of mTORC2 blockage. In mouse models, tubule-specific deletion of Rictor had higher blood urea nitrogen level, severe morphological injury as well as more inflammatory cells accumulation compared with those in their littermate controls. Overall, these results demonstrate that mTORC2 signaling protects against renal inflammation and dictates the outcome of AKI by modulating Yap/Taz degradation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Lactacystin, ≥90% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Akt1/2 kinase inhibitor, ≥98% (HPLC)