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Magnetically Actuated Forward-Looking Interventional Ultrasound Imaging: Feasibility Studies.

IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering (2019-10-22)
Jinhyoung Park, Changyang Lee, Junsu Lee, Jung-Ik Ha, Hongsoo Choi, Jin Ho Chang
ABSTRACT

Interventional ultrasound imaging is a prerequisite for guiding implants and treatment within the hearts and blood vessels. Due to limitations on the catheter's diameter, interventional ultrasonic transducers have side-looking structures although forward-looking imaging may provide more intuitive and real time guidance in treating diseased sites ahead of catheters. To address the issue, a magnetically actuated forward-looking interventional ultrasound imaging device is implemented for the first time. A forward-looking catheter containing a 1 mm ring type focused 35 MHz ultrasound transducer and a micro magnet, was fabricated. For imaging, the transducer was placed at the center of four electromagnetic coils positioned on four sides of a squared acrylic housing. By modifying the magnetic field, the catheter tip could be remotely translated for sector scanning. The scanning angle could reach up to 3° in 1 Hz with 15 mT, while wider angles of 5° could be achieved with a higher magnetic field of 25 mT for ex-vivo imaging. The position of the transducer could be detected by monitoring the motion with a CCD camera, mimicking clinical X-ray imaging. In the wire target and tissue mimicking phantom studies, the measured hole size, spatial resolution and distance between wires by the proposed system were comparable with the values from a linear scanner. Multi-frame real time data acquisition was demonstrated via ex-vivo imaging on a pig's coronary artery. The feasibility of magnetically actuated forward-looking interventional ultrasound imaging was demonstrated. The remote-controlled scanning method may allow to simplify the structures of forward-looking interventional ultrasound imaging catheters.

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Agar, High gel strength, suitable for plant cell culture