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Interim report on the effective intraperitoneal therapy of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in pet dogs using "Neo-Islets," aggregates of adipose stem and pancreatic islet cells (INAD 012-776).

PloS one (2019-09-20)
Anna Gooch, Ping Zhang, Zhuma Hu, Natasha Loy Son, Nicole Avila, Julie Fischer, Gregory Roberts, Rance Sellon, Christof Westenfelder
ABSTRACT

We previously reported that allogeneic, intraperitoneally administered "Neo-Islets," composed of cultured pancreatic islet cells co-aggregated with high numbers of immunoprotective and cytoprotective Adipose-derived Stem Cells, reestablished, through omental engraftment, redifferentiation and splenic and omental up-regulation of regulatory T-cells, normoglycemia in autoimmune Type-1 Diabetic Non-Obese Diabetic (NOD) mice without the use of immunosuppressive agents or encapsulation devices. Based on these observations, we are currently testing this Neo-Islet technology in an FDA guided pilot study (INAD 012-776) in insulin-dependent, spontaneously diabetic pet dogs by ultrasound-guided, intraperitoneal administration of 2x10e5 Neo-Islets/kilogram body weight to metabolically controlled (blood glucose, triglycerides, thyroid and adrenal functions) and sedated animals. We report here interim observations on the first 4 canine Neo-Islet-treated, insulin-dependent pet dogs that are now in the early to intermediate-term follow-up phase of the planned 3 year study (> 6 months post treatment). Current results from this translational study indicate that in dogs, Neo-Islets appear to engraft, redifferentiate and physiologically produce insulin, and are rejected by neither auto- nor allo-immune responses, as evidenced by (a) an absent IgG response to the allogeneic cells contained in the administered Neo-Islets, and (b) progressively improved glycemic control that achieves up to a 50% reduction in daily insulin needs paralleled by a statistically significant decrease in serum glucose concentrations. This is accomplished without the use of anti-rejection drugs or encapsulation devices. No adverse or serious adverse events related to the Neo-Islet administration have been observed to date. We conclude that this minimally invasive therapy has significant translational relevance to veterinary and clinical Type 1 diabetes mellitus by achieving complete and at this point partial glycemic control in two species, i.e., diabetic mice and dogs, respectively.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Millipore
Gram Staining Kit, for microscopy, used for differentiation of bacteria on the basis of their gram nature.
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Thioglycollate medium, Microbiologically tested, NutriSelect® Plus
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Fluorescein diacetate, used as cell viability stain
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Tryptic Soy Broth, suitable for microbiology, NutriSelect® Plus
Roche
Buffers in a Box, Premixed PBS Buffer, 10x, solution (clear, colorless), optimum pH ~7.0