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Phase Separation and Nanostructure Formation in Binary and Ternary Blends of Spiro-Linked Molecular Glasses.

The journal of physical chemistry. B (2020-06-05)
Michael Grimann, Roman Ueberschaer, Evgeny Tatarov, Thomas Fuhrmann-Lieker
ABSTRACT

Understanding phase separation phenomena in blends of organic electron acceptor and donor materials is of special interest in the context of organic optoelectronic applications. In this study, we focus on the phase behavior of a special class of spiro-linked compounds, which serve as model systems for morphological control in phase-separated small-molecule electron donor-acceptor blends. Thermal analysis and quantitative image analysis were the key techniques for developing a suitable approach for modeling the phase diagram with minimal material consumption. We report an uncommon miscibility gap in the liquid and glassy phase and show that the phase diagram can be modified by addition of a third, ambipolar compound in analogy to ternary A/B/AB polymeric blends. For an exemplary ternary system, a bicontinuous morphology with a pattern length scale of a few tens of nanometers was realized in the bulk that verifies the applicability of this approach to morphology control.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
2,2′,7,7′-Tetrakis(N,N-diphenylamino)-9,9-spirobifluorene, 99% (HPLC)