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Direct differentiation of cord blood derived mesenchymal stem cells into keratinocytes without feeder layers and cAMP inducers.

Pakistan journal of medical sciences (2020-07-25)
Ayesha Kashmala Ghauri, Mohsin Wahid, Talat Mirza, Jahan Ara Ain Uddin

The purpose of our study was isolation of umbilical cord blood derived mesenchymal stem (UCB-MSCs), their direct differentiation towards keratinocytes without using feeder layers, cAMP inducers and hormones known for morphological maintenance and proliferation of keratinocytes and characterization of UCB-MSCs through flowcytometry and keratinocytes through immunofluorescence. We have isolated and cultured UCB-MSCs (n=4) following critical parameters for successful isolation like sample processing within an hour of collection, gestational age not more than 38 weeks, no co-morbid and blood volume at least 80 ml. Cord blood mononuclear cells were isolated through ficoll based density-gradient centrifugation then cultured to isolate MSCs, defined by minimum criteria of International Society for Cellular Therapy. UCB-MSCs were then differentiated directly into keratinocytes. Differentiation was confirmed by morphology and characterized through immunofluorescence staining. UCB samples were collected from gynae/obstetric ward of OJHA campus under sterile conditions and processed at Stem cells and Regenerative medicine Lab, Dow Research Institute of Biotechnology and Biomedical Sciences, Ojha campus. The total duration of study was approximately 12 months. We have successfully isolated UCB-MSCs that were plastic adherent, spindle shaped, showed trilineage mesodermal differentiation potential and were positive for CD90, CD73 and CD105 and negative for CD34 markers. UCB-MSCs were directly differentiated towards keratinocytes without using cAMP inducers, hormones or feeder layers. Differentiated keratinocytes attained typical honeycomb morphology and were stained positive on immunofluorescence for anti-pan cytokeratin antibody. Our study concludes possibility of direct differentiation of isolated and cultured UCB-MSCs into keratinocytes without using feeder layers and conventional keratinocyte culture media.

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Trypsin-EDTA solution, 0.25%, sterile-filtered, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, 2.5 g porcine trypsin and 0.2 g EDTA • 4Na per liter of Hanks′ Balanced Salt Solution with phenol red