Efficient dual-negative selection for bacterial genome editing.

BMC microbiology (2020-05-26)
Francesca Romana Cianfanelli, Olivier Cunrath, Dirk Bumann
ABSTRACT

Gene editing is key for elucidating gene function. Traditional methods, such as consecutive single-crossovers, have been widely used to modify bacterial genomes. However, cumbersome cloning and limited efficiency of negative selection often make this method slower than other methods such as recombineering. Here, we established a time-effective variant of consecutive single-crossovers. This method exploits rapid plasmid construction using Gibson assembly, a convenient E. coli donor strain, and efficient dual-negative selection for improved suicide vector resolution. We used this method to generate in-frame deletions, insertions and point mutations in Salmonella enterica with limited hands-on time. Adapted versions enabled efficient gene editing also in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and multi-drug resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli clinical isolates. Our method is time-effective and allows facile manipulation of multiple bacterial species including MDR clinical isolates. We anticipate that this method might be broadly applicable to additional bacterial species, including those for which recombineering has been difficult to implement.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium chloride, anhydrous, granular, ≤7.0 mm, ≥93.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Streptomycin sulfate salt, powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Potassium tellurite, ≥90%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,6-Diaminopimelic acid, ≥98% (TLC)