MPTP-Induced Impairment of Cardiovascular Function.

Neurotoxicity research (2020-03-22)
Xiaoli Liu, Bo Wei, Qianqian Bi, Qihang Sun, Li Li, Jian He, Yuancheng Weng, Shenyan Zhang, Genxiang Mao, Yizhong Bao, Shu Wan, Xiao Z Shen, Jing Yan, Peng Shi
ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the accumulation of Lewy bodies and loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpC). MPTP is widely used to generate murine PD model. In addition to classical motor disorders, PD patients usually have non-motor symptoms related to autonomic impairment, which precedes decades before the motor dysfunction. This study's objective is to examine the effects of MPTP on noradrenergic neurons in the hindbrain, thereby on the cardiovascular function in mice. Adult mice received 10 mg/kg/day of MPTP (4 consecutive days) to generate PD model. Systolic blood pressure was measured by tail cuff system in conscious mice, and baroreflex sensitivity was evaluated by heart rate alteration in response to a transient increase or decrease in blood pressure induced by intravenous infusion of phenylalanine (PE) or sodium nitroprusside (SNP) in anesthetized condition, respectively. Baseline heart rate and heart rate variability were analyzed in both sham and MPTP-treated mice. Dopamine, norepinephrine, and related metabolites in the plasma and brain tissues including SNpC, locus coeruleus (LC), rostroventrolateral medulla (RVLM), and nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) were measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Tyrosine hydroxylase-positive (TH+) neurons in above nuclei were quantified by immunoreactivities. We found that in addition to the loss of TH+ neurons in SNpC, MPTP treatment induced a dramatic reduction of TH+ cell counts in the LC, RVLM, and NTS. These are associated with significant decreases of dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine in above nuclei. Meanwhile, MPTP induced a lasting effect of baroreflex desensitization, tachycardia, and decreased heart rate variability compared to the sham mice. Notably, MPTP treatment elevated sympathetic outflow and suppressed parasympathetic tonicity according to the heart rate power spectrum analysis. Our results indicate that the loss of TH+ neurons in the brainstem by MPTP treatment led to impaired autonomic cardiovascular function. These results suggest that MPTP treatment can be used to study the autonomic dysfunction in murine model.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Phenylephrine Hydrochloride, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Supelco
Dopamine hydrochloride, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Supelco
Homovanillic acid, analytical standard
Supelco
Sodium Nitroprusside, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Supelco
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, analytical standard

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.