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Development and validation of a fast gas chromatography combustion isotope ratio mass spectrometry method for the detection of epiandrosterone sulfate in urine.

Drug testing and analysis (2020-04-09)
Laurie De Wilde, Pieter Van Renterghem, Peter Van Eenoo, Michaël Polet
ABSTRACT

In doping control, to confirm the exogenous origin of exogenously administered anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), a gas chromatography combustion isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-C-IRMS) analysis is performed. Recently published work suggests that epiandrosterone sulfate (EpiAS) is a promising IRMS target compound for the detection of AAS, capable of prolonging the detection window. However, EpiAS is only excreted in urine in its sulfoconjugated form, while all other IRMS target compounds are excreted glucuronidated, meaning that EpiAS cannot be incorporated in the existing IRMS methods. A separate extensive sample preparation needs to be performed on this compound with a different hydrolysis and extraction procedure and a different liquid chromatography (LC) clean-up. The current work presents a new, fast, and easy to implement EpiAS IRMS method. The approach was based on the direct GC analysis of non-hydrolyzed EpiAS, making the solid phase extraction, hydrolysis, and acetylation step redundant. Sample preparation consisted of a simple liquid-liquid extraction, followed by LC fraction collection. A population study was performed to check compliance with the criteria drafted by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). To verify the applicability of the developed approach, the method was applied to the samples of four administration studies (i.e. dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), testosterone gel (T gel), androstenedione (ADION), and intramuscular testosterone undecanoate. In contrast to previously published data, the strength of EpiAS as the target compound and the prolongation of the detection window in comparison with the conventional IRMS target compounds was less pronounced.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
5α-Androstane
Sigma-Aldrich
trans-Androsterone