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HX008: a humanized PD-1 blocking antibody with potent antitumor activity and superior pharmacologic properties.

mAbs (2020-02-29)
Jibin Zhang, Ying Huang, Gan Xi, Faming Zhang
ABSTRACT

Through reactivating tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, therapeutics targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) demonstrate impressive clinical efficacy in the treatment of multiple cancers. In this report, we characterize HX008, a humanized IgG4S228P anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody with an engineered Fc domain, in a series of in vitro assays and in vivo studies. In vitro, HX008 binds to human PD-1 with high affinity and potently suppresses the interaction of PD-1 with PD-L1 and PD-L2. The lack of detectable binding to complement C1q and Fc gamma receptor III-a (FcγRIIIa) suggested that HX008 maintained reduced antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity and complement-dependent cytotoxicity. A comparable enhancement of cytokine production and NFAT-driven luciferase expression in cell-based assays confirmed that HX008 could promote T-cell function as effectively as Nivolumab. In vivo antitumor activity studies were carried out within two special tumor models: 1) the MiXeno model with an adoptive transfer of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells into HCC827 xenograft mice; and 2) HuGEMM with human PD-1 gene knock-in syngeneic MC38-bearing mice. In both models, HX008 significantly inhibits tumor growth and shows an effective antitumor response comparable to approved anti-PD-1 drugs. Furthermore, in a pharmacokinetics study performed in cynomolgus monkeys, HX008 induced no immune-related adverse events when administered at 10 mg/kg. Although some anti-drug antibody effects were observed in the primate PK study, the safety and favorable pharmacokinetics demonstrated in human clinical trials validate HX008 as a suitable candidate for cancer immunotherapy. Taken together, our studies provide a fairly thorough characterization of HX008 and strong support for its further clinical research and application.

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Millipore
Hygromycin B, Streptomyces sp., Sterile-Filtered Solution in PBS, Cell Culture-Tested - CAS 31282-04-9 - Calbiochem, Hygromycin B is an aminoglycoside antibiotic that inhibits the growth of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms and mammalian cells. Inhibits protein synthesis by interfering with the translocation of the 70S ribosome and causes misreading of mRNA.

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