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  • Intraperitoneal injection of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate protects against light-induced photoreceptor degeneration in the mouse retina.

Intraperitoneal injection of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate protects against light-induced photoreceptor degeneration in the mouse retina.

Molecular vision (2017-05-02)
Shounan Qi, Chenguang Wang, Delu Song, Ying Song, Joshua L Dunaief
ABSTRACT

(-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major catechin component of green tea, is reported to delay or prevent certain forms of cancer, arthritis, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we determined if systemically administered EGCG could protect the retina against light damage (LD) in mice. BALB/cJ mice were treated with either EGCG or saline via intraperitoneal (IP) injection, and then placed under constant cool white light-emitting diode (LED) light (10,000 lux) for 5 h. Retinal structure and function were evaluated using optical coherence tomography (OCT), histology, and electroretinography (ERG) 7 days after LD. In addition, the mRNAs of several oxidative stress genes were quantified by qPCR before LD and 24 h after LD. OCT and photomicrographs of mouse retinas showed morphologic protection of photoreceptors. Mice in the EGCG group had significantly higher ERG amplitudes for all three wave types compared with mice in the saline control group, which indicated that EGCG protected retinal function. Furthermore, qPCR results showed that EGCG administration can increase the mRNA level of the antioxidant gene Sod2 before LD and 24 h after LD. The IP injection of EGCG attenuated the detrimental effects of bright light on the retinas of BALB/cJ mice by protecting the structure and function of the retina.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
(−)-Epigallocatechin gallate, ≥80% (HPLC), from green tea