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Green tea extract catechin improves internal cardiac muscle relaxation in RCM mice.

Journal of biomedical science (2016-06-30)
Xiaoqin Wang, Zhengyu Zhang, Gang Wu, Changlong Nan, Wen Shen, Yimin Hua, Xupei Huang
ABSTRACT

Diastolic dysfunction refers to an impaired relaxation and an abnormality in a heart's filling during diastole while left ventricular systolic function is preserved. Diastolic dysfunction is commonly observed in patients with primary hypertension, diabetes and cardiomyopathies such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or restrictive cardiomyopathy. We have generated a restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) mouse model with troponin mutations in the heart to mimic the human RCM patients carrying the same mutations. In the present study, we have investigated the ventricular muscle internal dynamics and pressure developed during systole and diastole by inserting a micro-catheter into the left ventricle of the RCM mice with or without treatment of desensitizer green tea extracts catechins. Our results demonstrate that green tea catechin is able to correct diastolic dysfunction in RCM mainly by improving ventricular compliance and reducing the internal muscle rigidity caused by myofibril hypersensitivity to Ca(2+). Green tea extract catechin is effective in correcting diastolic dysfunction and improving ventricular muscle intrinsic compliance in RCM caused by troponin mutations.

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Sigma-Aldrich
(−)-Epigallocatechin gallate, ≥80% (HPLC), from green tea