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Overexpression of HO-1 protects against TNF-alpha-mediated airway inflammation by down-regulation of TNFR1-dependent oxidative stress.

The American journal of pathology (2009-07-18)
I-Ta Lee, Shue-Fen Luo, Chiang-Wen Lee, Shyi-Wu Wang, Chih-Chung Lin, Chia-Chi Chang, Yuh-Lien Chen, Lee-Young Chau, Chuen-Mao Yang
ABSTRACT

Oxidative stresses are believed to play an important role in the induction of both cell adhesion molecules and pro-inflammatory cytokines, a key event in a variety of inflammatory processes. The enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) functions as an antioxidant and serves to protect against tissue injury. In this study, we report that HO-1 was induced in cultured human tracheal smooth muscle cells after either treatment with a potent inducer of HO-1 activity, cobalt protoporphyrin IX, or infection with a recombinant adenovirus that carries the human HO-1 gene. Overexpression of HO-1 protected against tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-mediated airway inflammation via the down-regulation of oxidative stress, adhesion molecules, and interleukin-6 in both cultured human tracheal smooth muscle cells and the airways of mice. In addition, HO-1 overexpression inhibited TNF-alpha-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression, adherence of THP-1 cells, generation of interleukin-6, p47(phox) translocation, and nuclear factor-kappaB activation. HO-1 overexpression also attenuated TNF-alpha-induced oxidative stress, which was abrogated in the presence of both the HO-1 inhibitor, zinc protoporphyrin IX, as well as a carbon monoxide scavenger. In addition, HO-1 overexpression reduced the formation of a TNFR1/c-Src/p47(phox) complex. These results suggest that HO-1 functions as a suppressor of TNF-alpha signaling, not only by inhibiting the expression of adhesion molecules and generation of interleukin-6, but also by diminishing intracellular reactive oxygen species production and nuclear factor-kappaB activation in both cultured human tracheal smooth muscle cells and the airways of mice.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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N-Acetyl-L-cysteine, Sigma Grade, ≥99% (TLC), powder
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N-Acetyl-L-cysteine, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material