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Ethyl cellulose based self-healing adhesives synthesized via RAFT and aromatic schiff-base chemistry.

Carbohydrate polymers (2020-10-15)
Xuanang Gong, Zenghui Cheng, Shishuai Gao, Daihui Zhang, Yufeng Ma, Jifu Wang, Chunpeng Wang, Fuxiang Chu
ABSTRACT

In this work, reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization and Schiff base chemistry was combined to fabricate self-healing adhesives. An esterification reaction was first performed to prepare ethyl cellulose based macroinitiators. Then, a "grafting from" RAFT of vanillin methacrylate and lauryl methacrylate was used to obtain graft copolymers. DSC result showed that the glass transition temperature was manipulated via changing the ratio of vanillin and fatty acids moieties. NMR spectrum analysis demonstrated the presence of aldehyde groups, which were available for the dynamic crosslinking to generate a network as self-healing adhesives. The adhesive test showed that the shear strength could reach 0.81 MPa with a self-healing efficiency of 98.7 %. The bottlebrush structures of copolymers and reversibility of Schiff base chemistry might collaboratively contribute to the high self-healing efficiency. This study provides a facile way to fabricate high-performance self-healing adhesives from ethyl cellulose and renewable resources.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
DCC, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Vanillin, ReagentPlus®, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Methacrylic anhydride, contains 2,000 ppm topanol A as inhibitor, 94%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3,4,5,6-Pentafluorobenzaldehyde, 98%

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