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Hyaluronic acid chloramide-Synthesis, chemical structure, stability and analysis of antimicrobials.

Carbohydrate polymers (2020-10-15)
Radovan Buffa, Martina Hermannová, Martin Sojka, Vít Svozil, Petr Šulc, Pavlína Halamková, Michaela Pospíšilová, Helena Krejčí, Vladimír Velebný
ABSTRACT

Electron-deficient chlorine covalently immobilised on an amido group of hyaluronic acid (HA) can be potentially exceptional for applications requiring biodegradable and biocompatible polymers with enhanced antibacterial or antiviral activity. This expectation is supported by the assumption that a small amount of HA chloramide (HACl) is formed in the extracellular matrix under inflammatory conditions by a reaction of endogenous HA with hypochlorous acid (HClO) generated by a myeloperoxidase/H2O2/Cl- system. HACl synthesis optimisation showed significant limitations of HClO as an oxidative agent where only lower degrees of substitution (DS) was achieved. Commercially available oxidative agents based on chlorinated isocyanuric acid were successfully tested, producing the HA chain with almost entirely chlorinated amidic groups. The structure of the final HACl was thoroughly studied using advanced 2-dimensional NMR methodologies and LC/MS. Stability of HACl at different temperatures was monitored over 12 months. Preliminary antimicrobial and antiviral tests demonstrated the potential of HACl for applications in biomedicine.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin, available chlorine 68 %