A 3D Microfabricated Scaffold System for Unidirectional Cell Migration.

Advanced biosystems (2020-09-15)
Hiroshi Sunami, Yusuke Shimizu, Junko Denda, Ikuko Yokota, Hidehiro Kishimoto, Yasuyuki Igarashi
ABSTRACT

The present study demonstrates unidirectional cell migration using a novel 3D microfabricated scaffold, as revealed by the uneven sorting of cells into an area of 1 mm × 1 mm. To induce unidirectional cell migration, it is important to determine the optimal arrangement of 3D edges, and thus, the anisotropic periodic structures of micropatterns are adjusted appropriately. The cells put forth protrusions directionally along the sharp edges of these micropatterns, and migrated in the protruding direction. There are three advantages to this novel system. First, the range of applications is wide, because this system effectively induces unidirectional migration as long as 3D shapes of the scaffolds are maintained. Second, this system can contribute to the field of cell biology as a novel taxis assay. Third, this system is highly applicable to the development of medical devices. In the present report, unique 3D microfabricated scaffolds that provoked unidirectional migration of NIH3T3 cells are described. The 3D scaffolds could provoke cells to accumulate in a single target location, or could provoke a dissipated cell distribution. Because the shapes are very simple, they could be applied to the surfaces of various medical devices. Their utilization as a cell separation technology is also anticipated.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
TWEEN® 20, viscous liquid
Sigma-Aldrich
Penicillin-Streptomycin, Solution stabilized, with 10,000 units penicillin and 10 mg streptomycin/mL, 0.1 μm filtered, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Trypsin-EDTA solution, 0.25%, sterile-filtered, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, 2.5 g porcine trypsin and 0.2 g EDTA • 4Na per liter of Hanks′ Balanced Salt Solution with phenol red
Sigma-Aldrich
PKH26 Red Fluorescent Cell Linker Kit for General Cell Membrane Labeling, Distributed for Phanos Technologies