MilliporeSigma

Highly enhanced ELISA sensitivity using acetylated chitosan surfaces.

BMC biotechnology (2020-08-21)
Tania García-Maceira, Fé I García-Maceira, José A González-Reyes, Elier Paz-Rojas
ABSTRACT

The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), is the most widely used and reliable clinical routine method for the detection of important protein markers in healthcare. Improving ELISAs is crucial for detecting biomolecules relates to health disorders and facilitating diagnosis at the early diseases stages. Several methods have been developed to improve the ELISA sensitivity through immobilization of antibodies on the microtiter plates. We have developed a highly sensitive ELISA strategy based on the preparation of acetylated chitosan surfaces in order to improve the antibodies orientation. Chitin surfaces were obtained by mixing small quantities of chitosan and acetic anhydride in each well of a microtiter plate. Anti-c-myc 9E10 low affinity antibody fused to ChBD was cloned and expressed in CHO cells obtaining the anti-c-myc-ChBD antibody. We found that anti c-myc-ChBD binds specifically to the chitin surfaces in comparison with anti-c-myc 9E10, which did not. Chitin surface was used to develop a sandwich ELISA to detect the chimeric human protein c-myc-GST-IL8 cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The ELISA assays developed on chitin surfaces were 6-fold more sensitive than those performed on standard surface with significant differences (p<0,0001). As shown here, acetylated chitosan surfaces improve the antibody orientation on the substrate and constitute a suitable method to replace the standard surfaces given the stability over time and the low cost of its preparation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Mouse IgG (Fc specific)–Peroxidase antibody produced in goat, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution
Sigma-Aldrich
Human IgG ELISA Kit, for serum, plasma