The ever-increasing therapeutic and pharmaceutical demand for liver cells calls for systems that enable mass production of hepatic cells. Here we describe a large-scale suspension system that uses human endoderm stem cells (hEnSCs) as precursors to generate functional and transplantable hepatocytes (E-heps) or cholangiocytes (E-chos). hEnSC-derived hepatic populations are characterized by single-cell transcriptomic analyses and compared with hESC-derived counterparts, in-vitro-maintained or -expanded primary hepatocytes and adult cells, which reveals that hepatic differentiation of hEnSCs recapitulates in vivo development and that the heterogeneities of the resultant populations can be manipulated by regulating the EGF and MAPK signaling pathways. Functional assessments demonstrate that E-heps and E-chos possess properties comparable with adult counterparts and that, when transplanted intraperitoneally, encapsulated E-heps were able to rescue rats with acute liver failure. Our study lays the foundation for cell-based therapeutic agents and in vitro applications for liver diseases.
γ-Secretase Inhibitor XXI, Compound E - CAS 209986-17-4 - Calbiochem, This g-secretase inhibitor, CAS 209986-17-4, is a cell-permeable, potent, selective, non-transition-state analog inhibitor of γ-secretase and Notch processing. Lowers Aβ levels in APP transgenic mice
α-Amyloid Precursor Protein Modulator - CAS 497259-23-1 - Calbiochem, A cell-permeable benzolactam derived PKC activator (Ki = 11.9 nM for PKCα) that efficiently enhances non-amyloidogenic α-processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) even at 100 nM in human fibroblast AG06848.
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