• Ultraviolet-B recruits mannose-binding lectin into skin from non-cutaneous sources.

Ultraviolet-B recruits mannose-binding lectin into skin from non-cutaneous sources.

The Journal of investigative dermatology (2005-06-29)
Michele L Lokitz, Wei Zhang, Muhammad Bashir, Kathleen E Sullivan, Gina Ang, Eun Ji Kwon, Julie H Lin, Victoria P Werth

Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is an integral part of the innate immune system and functions as an opsonin by binding to pathogens and certain apoptotic cells to promote their uptake by phagocytes. We recently identified an association of low-producing MBL polymorphisms with adult dermatomyositis (DM). Our model is that MBL deficiency leads to a defect in the clearance of apoptotic debris in the skin, thereby predisposing to photosensitive autoimmune disease. In this study, we sought to determine whether MBL binds within the epidermis, and to determine its source, and potential function of this binding. We demonstrated that the MBL is present in irradiated, but not in non-irradiated skin, and in irradiated skin it is bound to apoptotic keratinocytes (KC). We found that MBL is not made by KC, showing indirectly that it comes from an exogenous source, despite the fact that other complement components are made by KC and upregulated by ultraviolet irradiation. Finally, we demonstrated that non-KC-derived MBL bound to apoptotic KC in vitro and increased the uptake of these cells by dendritic cells. We hypothesize that MBL may facilitate non-inflammatory clearance of apoptotic debris in patients with photosensitive forms of DM.

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IgG1, Kappa from murine myeloma, clone MOPC 21, purified immunoglobulin, buffered aqueous solution