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  • Improved insulin sensitivity with calorie restriction does not require reduced JNK1/2, p38, or ERK1/2 phosphorylation in skeletal muscle of 9-month-old rats.

Improved insulin sensitivity with calorie restriction does not require reduced JNK1/2, p38, or ERK1/2 phosphorylation in skeletal muscle of 9-month-old rats.

American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology (2011-10-21)
Naveen Sharma, Abhijit D Bhat, Anketse D Kassa, Yuanyuan Xiao, Edward B Arias, Gregory D Cartee
ABSTRACT

Calorie restriction [CR; ∼40% below ad libitum (AL) intake] improves the health of many species, including rats, by mechanisms that may be partly related to enhanced insulin sensitivity for glucose disposal by skeletal muscle. Excessive activation of several mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including JNK1/2, p38, and ERK1/2 has been linked to insulin resistance. Although insulin can activate ERK1/2, this effect is not required for insulin-mediated glucose uptake. We hypothesized that skeletal muscle from male 9-mo-old Fischer 344/Brown Norway rats CR (35-40% beginning at 3 mo old) versus AL rats would have 1) attenuated activation of JNK1/2, p38, and ERK1/2 under basal conditions; and 2) no difference for insulin-induced ERK1/2 activation. In contrast to our hypothesis, there were significant CR-related increases in the phosphorylation of p38 (epitrochlearis, soleus, and gastrocnemius), JNK1 (epitrochlearis and soleus), and JNK2 (gastrocnemius). Consistent with our hypothesis, CR did not alter insulin-mediated ERK1/2 activation. The greater JNK1/2 and p38 phosphorylation with CR was not attributable to diet effects on muscle oxidative stress (assessed by protein carbonyls and 4-hydroxynonenal protein conjugates). In muscles from the same rats used for the present study, we previously reported a CR-related increase in insulin-mediated glucose uptake by the epitrochlearis and the soleus (Sharma N, Arias EB, Bhat AD, Sequea DA, Ho S, Croff KK, Sajan MP, Farese RV, Cartee GD. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 300: E966-E978, 2011). The present results indicate that the improved insulin sensitivity with CR is not attributable to attenuated MAPK phosphorylation in skeletal muscle.

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OxyBlot Protein Oxidation Detection Kit, The OxyBlot Protein Oxidation Detection Kit provides the reagents to perform the immunoblot detection of carbonyl groups introduced into proteins by oxidative reactions with ozone or oxides of nitrogen or by metal catalyzed oxidation.