Substrate specificity of human pancreatic elastase 2.

Biochemistry (1980-02-05)
E G Del Mar, C Largman, J W Brodrick, M Fassett, M C Geokas

The substrate specificity of human pancreatic elastase 2 was investigated by using a series of peptide p-nitroanilides. The kinetic constants, kcat and Km, for the hydrolysis of these peptides revealed that this serine protease preferentially hydrolyzes peptides containing P1 amino acids which have medium to large hydrophobic side chains, except for those which are disubstituted on the first carbon of the side chain. Thus, human pancreatic elastase 2 appears to be similar in peptide bond specificity to the recently described porcine pancreatic elastase 2 [Gertler, A., Weiss, Y., & Burstein, Y. (1977) Biochemistry 16, 2709] but differs significantly in specificity from porcine elastase 1. The best substrates for human pancreatic elastase 2 were glutaryl-Ala-Ala-Pro-Leu-p nitroanilide and succinyl-Ala-Ala-Pro-Met-p-nitroanilide. However, there was little difference among substrates with leucine, methionine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, norvaline, or norleucine in the P1 position. Changes in the hydrolysis rate of peptides with differing P5 residues indicate that this enzyme has an extended binding site which interacts with at least five residues of peptide substrates. The overall catalytic efficiency of human pancreatic elastase 2 is significantly lower than that of porcine elastase 1 or bovine chymotrypsin with the compounds studied.

Product Number
Product Description

Elastase Substrate IV, Colorimetric, A specific substrate for pancreatic elastase.
N-Succinyl-Ala-Ala-Pro-Leu p-nitroanilide, protease substrate