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Evaluation of Antiviral, Antibacterial and Antiproliferative Activities of the Endophytic Fungus Curvularia papendorfii, and Isolation of a New Polyhydroxyacid.

Microorganisms (2020-09-10)
Afra Khiralla, Rosella Spina, Mihayl Varbanov, Stéphanie Philippot, Pascal Lemiere, Sophie Slezack-Deschaumes, Philippe André, Ietidal Mohamed, Sakina Mohamed Yagi, Dominique Laurain-Mattar
ABSTRACT

An endophytic fungus isolated from Vernonia amygdalina, a medicinal plant from Sudan, was taxonomically characterized as Curvularia papendorfii. Ethyl acetate crude extract of C. papendorfii revealed an important antiviral effect against two viral pathogens, the human coronavirus HCoV 229E and a norovirus surrogate, the feline coronavirus FCV F9. For the last one, 40% of the reduction of the virus-induced cytopathogenic effect at lower multiplicity of infection (MOI) 0.0001 was observed. Selective antibacterial activity was obtained against Staphylococcus sp. (312 µg/mL), and interesting antiproliferative activity with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of 21.5 ± 5.9 µg/mL was observed against human breast carcinoma MCF7 cell line. Therefore, C. papendorfii crude extract was further investigated and fractionated. Twenty-two metabolites were identified by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and two pure compounds, mannitol and a new polyhydroxyacid, called kheiric acid, were characterized. A combination of spectroscopic methods was used to elucidate the structure of the new aliphatic carboxylic acid: kheiric acid (3,7,11,15-tetrahydroxy-18-hydroxymethyl-14,16,20,22,24-pentamethyl-hexacosa-4E,8E,12E,16,18-pentaenoic acid). Kheiric acid showed an interesting result with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 62.5 µg/mL against meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Hence, endophytes associated with medicinal plants from Sudan merit more attention, as they could be a treasure of new bioactive compounds.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Catalase from bovine liver, lyophilized powder, ≥10,000 units/mg protein
Sigma-Aldrich
Minimum Essential Medium Eagle, With Earle′s salts, L-glutamine and sodium bicarbonate, liquid, sterile-filtered, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Thiazolyl Blue Tetrazolium Bromide, 98%