• Home
  • Search Results
  • Butyrate-mediated autophagy inhibition limits cytosolic Salmonella Infantis replication in the colon of pigs treated with a mixture of Lactobacillus and Bacillus.

Butyrate-mediated autophagy inhibition limits cytosolic Salmonella Infantis replication in the colon of pigs treated with a mixture of Lactobacillus and Bacillus.

Veterinary research (2020-08-08)
Bingxin Chu, Yaohong Zhu, Jinhui Su, Bing Xia, Yunjing Zou, Jiawei Nie, Wei Zhang, Jiufeng Wang
ABSTRACT

Probiotics as an effective and safe strategy for controlling Salmonella infection are much sought after, while autophagy is a central issue in eliminating intracellular pathogens of intestinal epithelial cells. In this study, an animal model of colitis has been developed by infecting weaned pigs orally with a strain of Salmonella Infantis in order to illuminate the potential efficacy of a mixture of Lactobacillus and Bacillus (CBB-MIX) in the resistance to Salmonella infection by regulating butyrate-mediated autophagy. We found that CBB-MIX alleviated S. Infantis-induced colitis and tissue damage. Autophagy markers ATG5, Beclin-1, and the LC3-II/I ratio were significantly enhanced by S. Infantis infection, while treatment with CBB-MIX suppressed S. Infantis-induced autophagy. Additionally, S. Infantis-induced colonic microbial dysbiosis was restored by this treatment, which also preserved the abundance of the butyrate-producing bacteria and the butyrate concentration in the colon. A Caco-2 cell model of S. Infantis infection showed that butyrate had the same effect as the CBB-MIX in restraining S. Infantis-induced autophagy activation. Further, the intracellular S. Infantis load assay indicated that butyrate restricted the replication of cytosolic S. Infantis rather than that in Salmonella-containing vacuoles. Suppression of autophagy by knockdown of ATG5 also attenuated S. Infantis-induced cell injury. Moreover, hyper-replication of cytosolic S. Infantis in Caco-2 cells was significantly decreased when autophagy was inhibited. Our data demonstrated that Salmonella may benefit from autophagy for cytosolic replication and butyrate-mediated autophagy inhibition reduced the intracellular Salmonella load in pigs treated with a probiotic mixture of Lactobacillus and Bacillus.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-100, for molecular biology
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium butyrate, ≥98.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Chloroquine diphosphate salt, powder or crystals, 98.5-101.0% (EP)