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Protective potential of curcumin in L-NAME-induced hypertensive rat model: AT1R, mitochondrial DNA synergy.

International journal of physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology (2020-11-24)
Sahar M Greish, Zinab Abdel-Hady, Sally S Mohammed, Asmaa R Abdel-Hamed, Reham E Masoud, Dalia A Eltamany, Noha M Abogresha
ABSTRACT

Hypertension can be induced by inhibiting nitric oxide synthesis with L-NAME, which also has a role in oxidative stress. Curcumin has strong antioxidant property. Our aim was to examine the possible preventive role of curcumin on renal dysfunction secondary to hypertension. Twenty-four adult male Albino rats were divided in four groups: normal (N); curcumin (C; received curcumin 100 mg/kg/day by oral gavage for 10 weeks); hypertensive (H; received L-NAME 40 mg/kg/day in their drinking water for 4 weeks); and hypertensive-curcumin (HC; received L-NAME and curcumin). Arterial blood pressure was evaluated non-invasively for 4 weeks. Rats were then sacrificed for assessment of oxidative stress (catalase, lipid peroxidase, reduced glutathione and superoxide dismutase), renal function and structure, and biomarkers of apoptosis (Bcl-2 and caspase-3). AT1R expression and renal mtDNA integrity were also assessed. Curcumin attenuated the effects of L-NAME on blood pressure and renal function. The renal histopathological changes observed in the L-NAME group were improved by curcumin administration. The expression of Bcl2 and caspase-3 was improved associated with downregulation of AT1R in curcumin treated groups. The antioxidant markers and mtDNA fragmentation show marked increase in hypertensive group which significantly decreased after curcumin treatment. Curcumin improved blood pressure elevation renal dysfunction. These improvements mediated through anti-oxidant capabilities and downregulation of AT1R favoring reduced apoptosis and preserved mitochondrial DNA.

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