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Synthesis and biological evaluation of nitrogen-containing chalcones as possible anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agents.

Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters (2009-12-17)
Babasaheb P Bandgar, Sachin A Patil, Rajesh N Gacche, Balaji L Korbad, Balwant S Hote, Santosh N Kinkar, Shivkumar S Jalde
ABSTRACT

A novel series of nitrogen-containing chalcones were synthesized by Mannich reaction and were screened for anti-inflammatory related activities such as inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), trypsin and beta-glucuronidase. The antioxidant potential was demonstrated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazine (DPPH) radical scavenging activity. The results of the above studies shows that the compounds synthesized were found to be effective inhibitors of above pro-inflammatory enzymes, and were found to be possess moderate radical scavenging potential. Overall, the results of the studies reveal that the chalcones with N-methyl piperazine methyl and piperidine methyl substitution (4c, 3b, 4d, 6b) seems to be important for inhibition of beta-glucuronidase. Whereas the chalcones with piperidine methyl substitution (8b, 7b, 7c, 6c, 4b, 3c, 3b) were observed as effective inhibitors of COX-2, while the same compounds were found to be less reactive against COX-1 as compared to COX-2.

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