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  • Formation of highly elastomeric and property-tailorable poly(glycerol sebacate)-co-poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels through thiol-norbornene photochemistry.

Formation of highly elastomeric and property-tailorable poly(glycerol sebacate)-co-poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels through thiol-norbornene photochemistry.

Biomaterials science (2020-07-25)
Yu-Ting Tsai, Chun-Wei Chang, Yi-Cheun Yeh
ABSTRACT

Poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) is a synthetic biorubber that presents good biocompatibility, excellent elasticity and desirable mechanical properties for biomedical applications; however, the inherent hydrophobicity and traditional thermal curing of PGS restrict its use in the fabrication of hydrogels for advanced bioapplications. Here, we designed a new class of hydrophilic PGS-based copolymers that allow hydrogel formation through thiol-norbornene chemistry. Poly(glycerol sebacate)-co-polyethylene glycol (PGS-co-PEG) macromers were synthesized through a stepwise polycondensation reaction, and then the norbornene functional groups were introduced to the PGS-co-PEG structure to form norbornene-functionalized PGS-co-PEG (Nor_PGS-co-PEG). Nor_PGS-co-PEG macromers can be crosslinked using dithiols to prepare hydrogels in the presence of light and photoinitiators. The mechanical, swelling and degradation properties of Nor_PGS-co-PEG hydrogels can be controlled by altering the crosslinker amount. In particular, the elongation of Nor_PGS-co-PEG hydrogels can be modulated up to 950%. Nor_PGS-co-PEG can be processed using electrospinning and 3D printing techniques to generate microfibrous scaffolds and printed structures, respectively. In addition, the cytocompatibility of Nor_PGS-co-PEG was also demonstrated using in vitro cellular viability studies. These results indicate that Nor_PGS-co-PEG is a promising biomaterial with definable properties for scaffold manufacturing, presenting a great potential for biomedical applications.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Sebacic acid, 99%