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Interactions of 1-methyl-3-phenylpyrrolidine and 3-methyl-1-phenyl-3-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexane with monoamine oxidase B.

Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry (2010-05-11)
Anél Pretorius, Modupe O Ogunrombi, Hendrik Fourie, Gisella Terre'blanche, Neal Castagnoli, Jacobus J Bergh, Jacobus P Petzer
ABSTRACT

The parkinsonian inducing agent 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and its corresponding five-membered ring analogue 1-methyl-3-phenyl-3-pyrroline are cyclic tertiary allylamines and good substrates of monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B). The MAO-B catalyzed 2-electron alpha-carbon oxidation of this class of substrates appears to be dependent on the presence of the allylic pi-bond since the corresponding saturated piperidinyl analogue of MPTP is reported not to be an MAO-B substrate. The only saturated cyclic tertiary amine known to act as an MAO-B substrate is the 3,4-cyclopropyl analogue of MPTP, 3-methyl-6-phenyl-3-azabicyclo[4.1.0]heptane. As part of our ongoing studies we have examined the MAO-B substrate properties of the corresponding pyrrolidinyl analogue, 1-methyl-3-phenylpyrrolidine, and the 3,4-cyclopropyl analogue, 3-methyl-1-phenyl-3-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexane. The results document that both the pyrrolidinyl analogue [K(m)=234microM; V(max)=8.37nmol/(min-mg mitochondrial protein)] and the 3,4-cyclopropyl analogue [K(m)=148microM; V(max)=16.9nmol/(min-mg mitochondrial protein)] are substrates of baboon liver mitochondrial MAO-B. We also have compared the neurotoxic potential of these compounds in the C57BL/6 mouse. The results led us to conclude that these compounds are not MPTP-type neurotoxins.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Benzylamine, ReagentPlus®, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Benzylamine, purified by redistillation, ≥99.5%
Supelco
Benzylamine, for GC derivatization, LiChropur, ≥99.0%