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Zika Virus Circulates at Low Levels in Western and Coastal Kenya.

The Journal of infectious diseases (2020-04-04)
Theodore A Gobillot, Caroline Kikawa, Dara A Lehman, John Kinuthia, Alison L Drake, Walter Jaoko, Kishorchandra Mandaliya, Grace John-Stewart, R Scott McClelland, Julie Overbaugh
ABSTRACT

Zika virus (ZIKV) was discovered over 70 years ago in East Africa, but little is known about its circulation and pathogenesis there. We screened 327 plasma samples collected 2-12 months after febrile illness in Western and coastal Kenya (1993-2016) for binding and neutralizing antibodies to distinguish ZIKV and dengue virus (DENV) responses, which we found were common in coastal Kenya. Two cases had durable ZIKV-specific antibodies and 2 cases had ZIKV antibodies at similar levels as DENV antibodies. This suggests low-level ZIKV circulation in Kenya over 2 decades and sets a baseline for future surveillance efforts in East Africa.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Human IgG ELISA Kit, for serum, plasma