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Synthesis and characterization of eco-friendly cellulose beads for copper (II) removal from aqueous solutions.

Environmental science and pollution research international (2019-01-04)
Najeh Maaloul, Paula Oulego, Manuel Rendueles, Achraf Ghorbal, Mario Díaz
ABSTRACT

In this study, novel cellulose-bead-based biosorbents (CBBAS) were successfully synthesized from almond shell using a simple three-step process: (i) dissolution of bleached almond shell in ionic liquid (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride), (ii) coagulation of cellulose-ionic liquid solution in water and (iii) freeze-drying. Their morphological, structural and physicochemical properties were thoroughly characterized. These biomaterials exhibited a 3D-macroporous structure with interconnected pores, which provided a high number of adsorption sites. It should be noted that CBBAS biosorbents were efficiently employed for the removal of copper (II) ions from aqueous solutions, showing high adsorption capacity: 128.24 mg g-1. The biosorption equilibrium data obtained were successfully fitted to the Sips model and the kinetics were suitably described by the pseudo-second-order model. Besides, CBBAS biosorbents can be easily separated from the solution for their subsequent reuse, and thus, they represent a method for the removal of copper (II) from aqueous solutions that is not only eco-friendly but also economical.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1-Methylimidazolium chloride, 95%