MilliporeSigma
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • Impact of impaired cardiac function on the progression of chronic kidney disease---role of pharmacomodulation of valsartan.

Impact of impaired cardiac function on the progression of chronic kidney disease---role of pharmacomodulation of valsartan.

American journal of translational research (2017-06-01)
Chih-Chao Yang, Hon-Kan Yip, Kuan-Hung Chen, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Yen-Ta Chen, Han-Tan Chai, Pei-Hsun Sung, Hsin-Ju Chiang, Sheung-Fat Ko, Sheng-Ying Chung, Chih-Hung Chen, Kun-Chen Lin, Pao-Yuan Lin, Jiunn-Jye Sheu
ABSTRACT

Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) is known to aggravate cardiovascular disease in the setting of cardiorenal syndrome (CRS), the impact of impaired cardiac function on the progression of CKD has seldom been reported. This study tested the impact of acute myocardial infarction on a rodent CKD model and the therapeutic effect of valsartan in this setting. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 50) equally divided into group 1 (sham control), group 2 (CKD induced by 5/6 nephrectomy), group 3 (AMI by ligation of left coronary artery), group 4 (CKD+AMI), group 5 (CKD+AMI+valsartan, orally 10 mg/kg/day). By day 60, kidney injury score, creatinine levels, and ratio of urine to creatinine were highest in group 4 and lowest in group 1, significantly higher in group 4 than those in groups 2 and 5, and significantly higher in group 5 than those in group 2 (all p < 0.001). Protein expressions of inflammation (IL-1β/MMP-9), oxidative stress (NOX-1/NOX-2/oxidized protein, angiotensin-II receptor), apoptosis (Bax, cleaved caspase-3/PARP), fibrosis (Smad3/TGF-β), and kidney injured (KIM-1/FSP-1) markers showed an identical pattern, whereas anti-fibrosis (Smad5/BMP-2) indices exhibited an opposite pattern compared to that of creatinine level among all groups (all p < 0.01). Cellular expressions of inflammation (CD14/CD68), DNA-damage (γ-H2AX, CD90/XRCC1) and proximal-renal tubule (KIM-1) biomarkers displayed an identical pattern, whereas podocyte-integrity markers (podocin/ZO-1/p-cadherin/synaptopodin) showed a pattern opposite to that of creatinine level among all groups (all p < 0.001). In a rodent CKD setting, renal function impairment and parenchymal damage further deteriorated after AMI but were suppressed following valsartan treatment.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
OxyBlot Protein Oxidation Detection Kit, The OxyBlot Protein Oxidation Detection Kit provides the reagents to perform the immunoblot detection of carbonyl groups introduced into proteins by oxidative reactions with ozone or oxides of nitrogen or by metal catalyzed oxidation.