Here, we describe a detailed step-by-step protocol for the expression, purification, quantification, and activity determination of key enzymes for molecular detection of pathogens. Based on previous reports, we optimized the protocol for LbCas12a, Taq DNA polymerase, M-MLV reverse transcriptase, and TEV protease to make it compatible with minimal laboratory equipment, broadly available in low- and middle-income countries. The enzymes produced with this protocol have been successfully used for molecular detection applications. For complete details on the use and execution of this protocol, please refer to Alcántara et al. (2021a, 2021b).