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Efficient Ex Vivo Screening of Agents Targeting Thrombospondin1-Induced Vascular Dysfunction Using a Digital Multiwire Myograph System.

Methods and protocols (2021-10-27)
Molly Yao, Samayita Ganguly, Jane Hae Soo Shin, Tamer Elbayoumi
ABSTRACT

Homeostasis of vascular tone is intricately and delicately maintained systemically and locally, by autonomic nerves and hormones in the blood and by intimal vasoactive substances, respectively. The balance can be acutely or chronically interrupted secondary to many alterations, especially under pathological conditions. Excessive matricellular glycoprotein thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) levels in circulation have been found to play an important role in ischemia-reperfusion injuries of different organs, by acutely suppressing vasorelaxation and chronically remodeling vascular bed. Our laboratory has been interested in identifying new drug moieties, which can selectively and effectively counteract TSP1-induced vascular dysfunction, in order to address associated clinical complications. Preliminary studies using computational docking and molecular models revealed potential drug candidates for further evaluation via vascular functional bioassay to prove the antagonism using an ex vivo vascular model. Herein, we described an efficient screening method for the identification of active drug candidates, by adapting a multiwire myograph system to perform a protocol with different treatments, in the presence of pathological levels of TSP1. We discussed the promising pharmacological evaluation results and suggested suitable modification for versatile applications. We also described the necessity of pre-determination of optimal resting tension to obtain the maximal response, if the experimental test model is different from those with determined optimal resting tension.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

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