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  • Dual-function vaccine for Pseudomonas aeruginosa: characterization of chimeric exotoxin A-pilin protein.

Dual-function vaccine for Pseudomonas aeruginosa: characterization of chimeric exotoxin A-pilin protein.

Infection and immunity (2001-10-13)
R Hertle, R Mrsny, D J Fitzgerald
ABSTRACT

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the major infectious agent of concern for cystic fibrosis patients. Strategies to prevent colonization by this bacterium and/or neutralize its virulence factors are clearly needed. Here we characterize a dual-function vaccine designed to generate antibodies to reduce bacterial adherence and to neutralize the cytotoxic activity of exotoxin A. To construct the vaccine, key sequences from type IV pilin were inserted into a vector encoding a nontoxic (active-site deletion) version of exotoxin A. The chimeric protein, termed PE64Delta553pil, was expressed in Escherichia coli, refolded to a near-native conformation, and then characterized by various biochemical and immunological assays. PE64Delta553pil bound specifically to asialo-GM1, and, when injected into rabbits, produced antibodies that reduced bacterial adherence and neutralized the cell-killing activity of exotoxin A. Results support further evaluation of this chimeric protein as a vaccine to prevent Pseudomonas colonization in susceptible individuals.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Pseudomonas aeruginosa Exotoxin A antibody, Mouse monoclonal, clone EXO-68, purified from hybridoma cell culture