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  • Multiplexed Microfluidic Cartridge for At-Line Protein Monitoring in Mammalian Cell Culture Processes for Biopharmaceutical Production.

Multiplexed Microfluidic Cartridge for At-Line Protein Monitoring in Mammalian Cell Culture Processes for Biopharmaceutical Production.

ACS sensors (2021-03-17)
Inês F Pinto, Ruben R G Soares, Meeri E-L Mäkinen, Veronique Chotteau, Aman Russom
ABSTRACT

The biopharmaceutical market has been rapidly growing in recent years, creating a highly competitive arena where R&D is critical to strike a balance between clinical safety and profitability. Toward process optimization, the recent development and adoption of new process analytical technologies (PAT) highlight the dynamic complexity of mammalian/human cell culture processes, as well as the importance of fine-tuning and modeling key metabolites and proteins. In this context, simple, rapid, and cost-effective devices allowing routine at-line monitoring of specific proteins during process development and production are currently lacking. Here, we report the development of a versatile microfluidic protein analysis cartridge allowing the multiplexed bead-based immunodetection of specific proteins directly from complex mixtures with minimal hands-on time. Colorimetric quantification of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) host cell proteins as key impurities, monoclonal antibodies as target biopharmaceuticals, and lactate dehydrogenase as a marker of cell viability was achieved with limits of detection in the 1-10 ng/mL range and analysis times as short as 30 min. The device was further demonstrated for the monitoring of a Rituximab-producing CHO cell bioreactor over the course of 8 days, providing comparable recoveries to standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. The high sensitivity combined with robustness to matrix interference highlights the potential of the device to perform at-line measurements spanning from the bioreactor to the downstream processing.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-LDH-A Antibody, clone 5D2.1, clone 5D2.1, from mouse