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  • Platelet-Derived PDGFB Promotes Recruitment of Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts, Deposition of Extracellular Matrix and Tgfβ Signaling in the Tumor Microenvironment.

Platelet-Derived PDGFB Promotes Recruitment of Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts, Deposition of Extracellular Matrix and Tgfβ Signaling in the Tumor Microenvironment.

Cancers (2022-04-24)
Yanyu Zhang, Ehsan Manouchehri Doulabi, Melanie Herre, Jessica Cedervall, Qi Qiao, Zuoxiu Miao, Anahita Hamidi, Lars Hellman, Masood Kamali-Moghaddam, Anna-Karin Olsson
ABSTRACT

Platelets constitute a major reservoir of platelet-derived growth factor B (PDGFB) and are continuously activated in the tumor microenvironment, exposing tumors to the plethora of growth factors contained in platelet granules. To address the specific role of platelet-derived PDGFB in the tumor microenvironment, we have created a mouse model with conditional knockout of PDGFB in platelets (pl-PDGFB KO). Lack of PDGFB in platelets resulted in 10-fold lower PDGFB concentration in the tumor microenvironment, fewer cancer-associated fibroblasts and reduced deposition of the extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules fibronectin and collagen I in the orthotopic RIP1-Tag2 model for pancreatic neuroendocrine cancer. Myosin light chain phosphorylation, promoting cell contraction and, consequently, the mechano-induced release of active transforming growth factor (TGF) β from extracellular compartments, was reduced in tumors from pl-PDGFB KO mice. In agreement, TGFβ signaling, measured as phosphorylated Smad2, was significantly hampered in tumors from mice lacking PDGFB in their platelets, providing a plausible explanation for the reduced deposition of extracellular matrix. These findings indicate a major contribution of platelet-derived PDGFB to a malignant transformation of the tumor microenvironment and address for the first time the role of PDGFB released specifically from platelets in the remodeling of the ECM in tumors.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
IgG from goat serum, reagent grade, ≥95% (SDS-PAGE), essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-PDGFB antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody