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  • Isolation and development of bovine primary respiratory cells as model to study influenza D virus infection.

Isolation and development of bovine primary respiratory cells as model to study influenza D virus infection.

Virology (2021-04-17)
Tirth Uprety, Chithra C Sreenivasan, Shaurav Bhattarai, Dan Wang, Radhey S Kaushik, Feng Li
ABSTRACT

Influenza D virus (IDV) is a novel type of influenza virus that infects and causes respiratory illness in bovines. Lack of host-specific in vitro model that can recapitulate morphology and physiology of in vivo airway epithelial cells has impeded the study of IDV infection. Here, we established and characterized bovine primary respiratory epithelial cells from nasal turbinate, soft palate, and trachea of the same calf. All three cell types showed characteristics peculiar of epithelial cells, polarized into apical-basolateral membrane, and formed tight junctions. Furthermore, these cells expressed both α-2,3- and α-2,6-linked sialic acids with α-2,3 linkage being more abundant. IDV strains replicated to high titers in these cells, while influenza A and B viruses exhibited moderate to low titers, with influenza C virus replication not detected. These findings suggest that bovine primary airway epithelial cells can be utilized to model infection biology and pathophysiology of IDV and other respiratory pathogens.

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