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  • Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) stimulates cyclic AMP formation as well as peptide output of cultured pituitary melanotrophs and AtT-20 corticotrophs.

Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) stimulates cyclic AMP formation as well as peptide output of cultured pituitary melanotrophs and AtT-20 corticotrophs.

Regulatory peptides (1992-03-05)
B Koch, B Lutz-Bucher
ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed at investigating whether PACAP stimulates accumulation of cAMP, as well as hormonal secretion of homogeneous populations of pituitary proopiomelanocortin (POMC) cells, namely melanotrophs and AtT-20 corticotrophs. PACAP was shown to enhance cAMP accumulation in a dose-dependent fashion in both cell types (with EC50 values of approx. 10(-10) M) and elicited additive increases of cAMP production with CRF in melanotrophs, but not in corticotrophs. PACAP also stimulated dose-dependently the secretion of alpha-MSH and ACTH, with EC50 concentrations of about 10(-9) M. In melanotrophs, bromocriptine significantly depressed PACAP-induced cAMP formation and blunted by more than 90% stimulated alpha-MSH release. This study shows that (1) pituitary POMC cells did respond to PACAP by enhancing cAMP accumulation and elevating hormone secretion as well; (2) the effect of PACAP was additive with CRF on cAMP production in melanotrophs, but not in corticotrophs, while there was no additivity on peptide output from both cell types; (3) activation of dopamine receptors in melanotrophs dampened both cAMP formation and peptide secretion. These findings are consistent with PACAP playing a possible hypophysiotropic role in the regulation of pituitary POMC cell activity.